The Frieze – One of Architecture’s Hottest Elements

It’s hard to believe, but I moved to Boston 27 months ago. The first year I was here, I was frequently asked,


“Why did you move to Boston?”


Usually, I answered with a big smile:


“I moved here for the architecture.”


Mostly, I was met with a somewhat confused expression. However, this beautiful city’s architecture was one of the factors that led me to come here. Boston is an old city, and I love old.

Of course, there were other compelling reasons to move here, such as it was closer to my son. (He just left after barely a 3-day visit.) I will not see him until the end of the summer because he is learning more about being a timber framer in a work-study program in eastern Kentucky.

But, getting back to the topic, we will talk about one of my favorite architectural elements, the frieze.


What IS a frieze?


It can be more than one thing, but it is always a horizontal architectural element, far wider than tall. It is usually high up.

To review please check out this post about classical architectural elements.


Entablature_via Stephens College


doric entablature - golden ratio Vignola - Doric order

The frieze is part of the classical entablature. It’s a horizontal element underneath the cornice (crown) and architrave (if there is one) but above a picture rail in an interior.


The frieze is often a way of dressing up a lintel.


A lintel is a horizontal beam or entablature above columns holding up columns. Or, it could be used as a decorative element on the exterior or interior of a wall.

Doric-order-labeled with frieze
The Doric Order via Wikipedia

The architrave is part of a classical order. And there were other friezes for each order. Above are all of the classic elements of the Doric order. This post isn’t going to get into all of that because I’d rather share many examples from the gorgeous buildings that surround me here in Boston.


A frieze is usually carved, and in centuries past, a bas-relief of a scene was sometimes used on the exterior of buildings.


However, a frieze can also be painted onto a wall. It can also be wallpaper.

Today, I’m going to share many examples of an architectural frieze. The majority are on a building exterior, but several are in interiors.

Most are in Boston, but not all.

Let’s begin super close to home.


Well, we can’t get any closer than my living room!


dining area looking into the den


Above, you can see the original plaster crown moulding and decorative frieze below it.


Jan 19, 1-51 PM den - Benjamin Moore C

Above is a similar moulding in my den. This is not original, but it is well done. Phew! There was nothing in here originally because the den was the butler’s pantry, a utilitarian room, and closed off with doors.


So, let’s begin in England with one of the most breathtakingly beautiful classical buildings I’ve ever seen.


Cambridge University - England Gorgeous Classical building
Gonville & Caius College, part of Cambridge University in Cambridge, UK. I took this image while on a trip to England in 2017. Here the architectural frieze is just under the dentil moulding. This one is lovely and plain. In this case, it should be because the stars of the show are the magnificent cornice, balustrade, and Corinthian order Pilasters.


Chicago - downtown limestone building decorative frieze

Above is a building in Chicago. Please forgive me. It’s already late, and I forgot the name of this building. I did share a different image in this post from my trip to Chicago with Cale last year.

Last Thursday, Cale and I played tourist, visiting the Massachusetts State House, Faneuil Hall, and the Union Oyster House restaurant.


The following few images are from the Mass State House, where you will see many friezes.


Mass state House Dome
Above we can see friezes on each level. The lower one shows the classical triglyphs familiar to most of us and found in many buildings in Boston.


Massachusetts State House assembly room

Above are more triglyphs.

I’m not sure why there are two domes or which one is THE golden dome one sees outside. Above is the State Assembly room. Very cool! By the way, you do have to go through security, but we were able to go on a self-guided tour. Nothing was in session last Thursday.


Massachusetts State House - Frieze
Near the ornate dome is this equally ornate area that doubles as a stone quarry. I’ve never seen so much marble in one place! Above, a mural frieze depicting historical events in the state of Massachusetts.


Boston Tea party frieze - Massachusetts State House
It doesn’t take much to figure out what the one above is about. Of course, it’s the Boston Tea Party.

I took a zillion pics, but I am only sharing a few of them.


Massachusetts State House Library detail - frieze
Above, is a vignette from the opulent library. The frieze is the ornately carved horizontal element. The wonderful meandering Greek Key pattern is on the ceiling. However, that pattern could also be used as a frieze.


Athenaeum neo-classical reading room - carved frieze
A year ago, I visited the Boston Athenaeum, where there is the most beautiful classical architecture and many friezes, such as the stunning plaster carved and painted frieze in this reading room.


Harrison Gray Otis House paintings architecture

In the fall of 2021, I visited the Harrison Gray Otis House. This home was built at the end of the 18th century and is decorated as it would’ve been then.


Harrison Gray Otis House - parlor - late 18th c. decorating Boston

This beautiful parlor in the Otis House features a frieze in plaster relief and a decorative wallpaper border.


Beacon Hill copper frieze in relief
In Beacon Hill is this gorgeous building with patinated copper friezes.


Beacon Hill brownstone lovely frieze door
I love the frieze over this entry door in Beacon Hill. If you love the doors of Beacon Hill, you will love this post.


Elegant frieze over door - Beacon Hill Boston
And I adore this simple and elegant frieze over the door in a classic Beacon Hill Boston home.


Beacon Hill - Beacon Street limestone frieze
This frieze is a decorative element, not under a crown.


Triglyph frieze supporting Tuscan columns Beacon Street, Boston, MA
A Triglyph frieze supporting Tuscan columns Beacon Street, Boston, MA

The rest of the buildings are in Back Bay.


Beacon Street townhouse Boston

This was taken in April two years ago on  Beacon Street in Back Bay. I am ready for spring. It will be here in a few weeks!


Greek Key meander frieze Back Bay Boston neo-classical building
While most buildings in Back Bay and Beacon Hill are of red brick, there are a refreshing number with limestone facades. These are all in the Beaux-Arts style, which was popular in the early 20th century.


Greek Key meander frieze Back Bay Boston limestone facade
Yes, the same building, but in the winter. That’s a frozen frieze. ;]

Sorry, couldn’t resist.


elegant Back Bay Brownstone - beautiful frieze
In addition to brick, many buildings are made of classic brownstone. Above, a jaw-dropping iron door and gorgeous frieze in heavy relief.


'Quin Club Boston Back Bay Frieze in Bas Relief
The ‘Quin Club Boston Back Bay with an exquisite frieze in Bas Relief. This is the very recently remodeled Algonquin Club. The interior, designed by Ken Fulk, is unbelievably gorgeous. I was exceedingly lucky to get an invite for dinner here last year. Alas, photos are forbidden.


109-111 Commonwealth Ave Springtime - classical architecture - Boston Back Bay
Across the street from me are two of my favorite buildings in Boston. The twins, 109 and 111 Commonwealth Ave. I met someone who lived here many years ago, and he said that it was not considered that nice back then.


I’m finding that hard to believe.


I mean, even if this place was a wreck inside, just look at those windows!

Still, for much of the 20th century, these gorgeous old homes in Back Bay were mostly rooming houses; my house included.


Commonwealth Ave. Boston apartment building frieze in relief

Down the street from me is this beautiful apartment building with a lovely carved frieze on the exterior. These types of friezes are common in old buildings in Boston.


Vendome Hotel Boston Back Bay detail
Another favorite building is a stone’s throw away from me on the corner of Dartmouth and Commonwealth; the Vendome Hotel.


Although the Vendome is no longer a hotel, it is a condominium like all homes around here.


About 50 years ago, a horrific tragedy occurred when several firefighters perished fighting a fire in the Vendome hotel. In their honor, a monument was placed nearby, on the Commonwealth mall.

You can see a lovely image of the Vendome before I knew what it was when I came to see my apartment in the fall of 2020.


I am finishing with two images taken several weeks ago when I visited the Boston Public Library on Copley Square and just around the corner from me!


And, yes, I took a bunch of pics here, too. This place is gorgeous!


Boston Public Library detail - meandering Greek Key frieze
But, you guys know me. I can’t pass any kind of Greek Key pattern by, whether it’s meandering or not.

I realize that some of you will see a swastika in this pattern. It is true. Before the Nazis got their slimy hands on it, the swastika was ONLY a symbol (and still is) of beauty, serenity, and peace.


However, it is also a symbol of the most unspeakable evil imaginable.


I’ve thought long and hard about it. While I’m angry that the beauty has been robbed from us, there is no going back. However, in this form, I am fine with this interconnected geometric pattern. The connectedness of it symbolizes unity and peace. The Nazi version is very different and looks like what it is. Evil.

On a far lighter note and getting back to the library. I took the image below while on tour with the Chestnuts. Our guide pointed out that when the library was built in the late 19th century, there was quite an uproar over the “putti” on the front facade.


Boston Public Library - controversial putti
“Why are there naked boys on the front of our library?” the locals cried out.”

As the naked little boys are still there, I gather that the architect said, “Deal with it!”

The architect was Charles Follen McKim. Yes, that McKim, of McKim, Meade, and White, who also designed the New York Public Library, parts of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and dozens of other gorgeous buildings in New York City and New England.


McKim-Architect Boston Public Library
Above, the brand spanking new library back in 1895. Image via the Boston Public Library.


Yes, you can see the pristine putti as they appeared back in the day.


Last night, on our way home from grocery shopping, Cale stopped to watch some skateboarders on the other side of Copley Square, and I took some pics about 50 feet away from the beautiful Trinity Church that faces the library, but about 500 hundred feet away. I told Cale the naked boy story, and in keen male awareness, he pointed out that the pious old men statues are facing the naked little boys.



Trinity Church Pious old men bas relief opposite Boston Public Library

Of course, the pious old men statues are looking down. Of course, they are! ;]

My camera is so smart as it put the couple walking in my path a little out of focus which wasn’t my intention, but I like the effect. However, the object of my lens was the beautiful frieze in relief that adorns the entry into the church.


I hope y’all enjoyed looking at the beautiful buildings and seeing many examples of the beautiful frieze as it appears in classic old buildings.


I am going to be adding a frieze in my kitchen and entry.  Although, I haven’t decided whether it’ll have a pattern or not. If it does, it will be a simple one.



PS: Please check out the newly updated HOT SALES!


Also, I will add something new to the bottom of my posts. All you need to do is click this link.


Or, click the image I made below.


Amazon ad

It will take you to Amazon. That’s all you need to do. But, if you order anything within the next 24 hours after clicking the link, I’ll get a small commission. (except for Whole Foods, liquor, and gift cards) There is no extra charge to you. The vendor makes less money. It would help me out a lot.

I have decided not to do a membership site. I know there were some rumblings about that. However, it’s too risky. Still, this is a business, and it’s taken a massive hit for many reasons I have no control over. However, my expenses to maintain the website have practically doubled in the last few years.

Thanks so much!


19 Responses

  1. Hi Laurel,

    You might consider setting up a standing link to a “tip jar” in the side bar. You already have a payment facility on this site for the rolodex and other guides, so it should be doable. I have certainly benefited from several of your posts and would be glad to show my appreciation now and again.

  2. Thank you for this fantastic refresher in classical architectural elements! I’m just back from Charleston, SC, my all time favorite place in this country (USA), where friezes and other great classical architectural elements are in abundance wherever you walk and wherever you turn your eye (not to mention fabulous cooking!!). IMH opinion, it is the most beautiful town in America, seconded by my other fave place, Boston (especially Beacon Hill if you ask me)!! Love these educational posts, please do some more on these topics. There is so much beautiful architecture from past eras and we get to see so little of it incorporated in today’s contemporary building styles. PS. I’ll be glad to use the Amazon link!!

  3. love love love your blog. Always a lot of something gorgeous to look at. quick mention of the swastika…notice it “moves” in the opposite direction from the beautiful, classic greek key. yea, A.H. stole the symbol and turned it around. So, not really looking at his bastardization when looking at this art. All the best to you and happy spring to all.

  4. Living in the architectural wasteland of southern California (well, for the most part anyway) one forgets that such beauty exists in this country and not only in Europe and a few other places. Thank you for reminding me; this is a truly beautiful post (not to mention the eye-watering gorgeousness of that blooming magnolia!).

  5. “Holy Mackerel”, Laurel what a beautiful article. Hold up, what is that? It looks like a fish hanging above the chandy! Hold my tea, I need to google. Wiki provided a tale of mystery and intrigue. A brief historical lesson of the “Sacred Cod”. Delightful. Another thing I noticed was the lighting. Simplisic, no crystal chandelier. With architecture that stunning, why distract. Many thanks for all your hard work to share enlightenment.

  6. Mimi

    As I study these lovely pictures and read your wonderful informative comments I am struck by the skills of the craftsmen. The number of hours (days, weeks, years) it took to create such beautiful work is astounding. Preservation is key.This level of detail on this scale will never happen again. So thankful for those who appreciate these beautiful works and those like you who teach and inspire us!

  7. Laurel – Frieze and Hot. FUNNY. Hard to fathom, but soon I shall be atop the Acropolis (on vacation) for the fourth time in my life. Ever since Art 100, or whatever it was called, I too have been captivated by the beauty and geometrical precision of classical architecture. Clearly the founders of our various institutions in Europe and its transplanted citizens throughout the World saw fit to replicate classical architecture and its democratic ideals in publc and private buildings for hundreds of years. Will continue to do so? I hope so. BTW – i certainly will be using your Amazon link!

  8. Wonderful Sunday morning grazing your old posts in search of hints for door-casing and double-arch proportions, so frieze review very helpful. Also, Bunny Williams (a classical Virginian originally) likely cribbed Jefferson’s Monticello walkout window concept for her clever open-from-floor sunroom windows.

    1. Hi Camilla,

      I have to laugh because Jefferson definitely did crib Andrea Palladio’s Villa Rotonda finished in the late 16th century, 200 years before Jefferson’s masterpiece, Monticello! Who did Palladio crib? Well, from the looks of things, all of the great Greek and Roman classical architects who came before him for hundreds of years. So cool!

  9. Laurel, I think adding the Amazon link is a great idea…you give us so much information, inspiration and fun that I know that all your lovely readers will be happy to help! We understand it is a business with expenses. One time, another blogger I follow posted about the operating costs to have a blog-and it was a lot!!
    I will try to click on your link any time I have things to buy on Amazon. I used to do “Amazon Smile” where the money went to a non-profit…but I guess it was too successful because they stopped that program.

    1. Thanks so much, Maggie. I should’ve thought of this before. I have a little banner thing in the sidebar, but
      most people don’t see it or realize all they need to do is click on it. They can do something else and come back to it.
      Unfortunately, Amazon’s cookie is for only 24 hours, whereas other companies are for 30 days.

      I just totalled things up and currently, it is costing me about $44,000 a year to run this website. I do need more help but I can’t afford to hire anyone. I had to laugh. When I did the survey at the beginning of the year, someone said, “You’re getting too commercial.” Ummmm… What the hay?

  10. Such a beautiful and hopefully inspiring post for aspiring architects and anyone currently building anything they will reside in or work in. Recently our town built a new firehouse and it is the most hideous discombobulated box of ugly I have ever seen. Windows with panes in front, and the exact windows on the sides without panes. A front door that looks as if it belongs on a dollhouse completely out of proportion to the building and don’t get me started on the trim, if you can call it that! Just sinfully ugly!Cheap does not have to be awful, does it? Anyway, you give me hope and so does one presidential candidate who will go unmentioned for fear of being too politcal, but he has often said and I totally agree, that America has some hideous buildings and has made a promise to make future
    and some current buildings in our cities beautiful again and for that alone he has my vote. Have a happy first day of Spring and thanks for this very educational post!

    1. Happy Spring Dianne. Although I only share the beauty of Boston. Make no mistake, there is some serious hideous that has been built in this city. One of my favorites is the Massachusetts Department of Mental Health. Yes, indeed. It’s one grotesque concrete bastion of crippling depression.

      I know. It’s hard to unsee that one. And it is MASSIVE!!!

      I’ll never forget the day I saw it and the Dept.of Mental Health sign outside. I was laughing so hard, I’m surprised the men in the white coats didn’t come to cart me away.

      While this is one of the largest of the hideous edifices, unfortunately, it is not an outlier. Nosiree. They are like suppurating, congealed boils on what is absolutely one of the most beautiful cities in the world. It’s a crying shame.

  11. A link to an AD article on the Quin Club with amazing interior photos. Stunning:

    Laurel, you must have been in your glory, how lucky to get an invite. Thanks for another beautiful post!

  12. Thank you for the Sunday morning teach-in with coffee, Laurel. I didn’t really know what a frieze was. I bet I see them everywhere now. And you’re right about the symbol the Nazis stole from us. *Never again* – love and solidarity from Yorkshire.

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Hi, I’m Laurel, and Laurel Home is the website and blog for Laurel Bern Interiors.
I’ve been creating new-traditional interiors since 1988. The blog is where I share all.

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