How To Get Window Treatments Like You See In Magazines

freaking-out-over-your-paint-colors

 

Recently, there have been a lot of requests for a post about window treatments.

Alright.

Here you go. Here’s a wonderful book by my colleague Jackie Von Tobel.

window treatments

Everything you could possibly hope, want, need to know.

Good-night.

 

Yes, yes… very funny. We want to hear about YOUR window treatments, Laurel. Common… we know that you have some tricks up your jabot, so fess up!

I see…

You want me to condense 20+ years of experience into one blog post.

I see…

Okay, go grab a cup of something and a sandwich.

 

This is the deal with window treatments. The topic is so immense. There are so many pitfalls and issues–crazy situations.

Before I begin, one thing I want to say is that there isn’t one bit of information here that I learned in three years of interior design school. Nothing. Interesting, isn’t it?

Therefore, this post is only about draperies, drapes, curtains– whatever you want to call them.

 

Let us begin. Let’s begin with our

 

HARDWARE

 

I’m beginning with hardware because it’s the most difficult part and it’s important to understand it in terms of how much fabric we’ll be needing.

Like a lot of designers, when I happen on something really terrific, I don’t deviate much from it. And this is the case with my drapery hardware.

This is what I use.

99.9% of the time.

window treatment hardware

Usually we do antique black but if we want it more formal or the room dictates, we’ll do an antique gold finish.

We always use rings to hold up our drapes. And the rings are attached to the drape with a drapery hook like this.

hauteindoorcouture-window-treatments-drapery-hookHaute Indoor Couture

There’s usually a little wiggle room but it is important that the fabric covers the little hook or it looks messy.

I use a finial very similar to this one.

pagoda finial

 

The only variation is whether the rod is 5/8″ in diameter or 3/4″ in diameter.

The former is solid and the latter, hollow. I do the thinner one these days unless the window is more than 9 or 10 feet or the ceiling is very high, or the drape is very heavy.

I have a wonderful source for custom-made rods.

They are a custom blacksmith I have worked with for over 17 years! They do wonderful work, they ship all over the country and are reasonably priced.

While I give out sources for just about everything else, I rarely give out the information for my custom workrooms. But it is available if you purchase my rolodex guide. It’s one of the three dozen sources I can’t live without. If you want to know this information, please purchase the Rolodex. You’ll make back the $ on your first order.

The first 3 years in business, I used this dude in the city who was at least triple the price– and rude. So, I found these folks and have been thrilled with their work ever since.

One thing you must never do for a wider window is an adjustable rod.

Trust me here. The drapes will never hang straight because one end of the rod is thinner than the other. It’s not worth it.

The drape is held up with 1″ rings. (that is the diameter in the opening of the ring)

My source for the rings is different from the rods and that is also in the Rolodex.

 

If space allows, I like to extend the rod, a minimum of 4-6″ past the window for a regular window.

 

If it’s a very large window that you want to minimize, you will need 2″ to allow space for the bracket.

The bracket under normal circumstances has a projection away from the wall of 3.5″.

However, if you have a bulky baseboard it is absolutely fine to go out as much as 6″. If you need a double rod for sheers, you will need to do this, anyway.

In the graphic above, you will notice that I included a C Ring. It’s just what it says. The cut out is so that the rings can go over the bracket or brackets on extra long windows. That is, if the drapes need to close. Pretty clever, huh?

You will need a professional installer to put up the rods. Trust me here.

[tweet_box design=”default”]Installing draperies is very similar to the kind of training required to fly a jumbo jet. [/tweet_box]

I have never had a rod fall off the wall.

Or if it did, it killed them and so I never found out about it.

window treatment installation

Here’s Mario, a fabulous installer, hard at work a couple of weeks ago. I did have him move that ring down to the end.

We have one hard and fast rule when it comes to putting up the rods.

If it looks straight, it’s straight. So put down the level thingy. It’s a waste of time.

 

***HOT TIP*** These drapes are two and half panels on each side because they need to close. The rods can be difficult to slide the rings along because they are painted in a matte finish. We used to use silicone but it’s a little messy and slippery if you accidentally get it on the floor. The other day, we rubbed a little soap along the top of the rod and it worked beautifully!

Below is another graphic that you may pin to pinterest for reference

designer draperies window treatments

 

FABRIC

 

Cotton – excellent fabric for drapes

Linen – also excellent, however it can yo-yo. Linking should help prevent that. Or a blend of linen and cotton can be very nice

Silk – gorgeous but never in a south-facing window and silk must always be lined and interlined. More about that in a sec

Wool – drapes gorgeously can rot in the sun

Synthetics – fine as long as they don’t look like synthetics

 

HOW MUCH FABRIC WILL I NEED?

 

Yes, you can let your professional workroom tell you how much. But sometimes they don’t get back to you or don’t understand or something. They will ask you what the repeat is… The fabric is bloody expensive and you need to order as little as possible.

It’s really good to know how to calculate this yourself.

There are two directions you need to be concerned about top to bottom and side to side.

Let’s start with something easy.

Plain fabric going on a 40″ window (including the window casings) – ceiling height is eight feet or 96″.

ALWAYS MEASURE THE CEILING HEIGHT – DO NOT ASSUME

 

Let’s say there is a crown moulding that is taking up about 4″ of the wall. Now we have 92″ to work with. If we want the rod to go right under the moulding, we need to account for the rod sitting inside the bracket and then to the bottom of the ring.

From the top of the bracket to where the drape begins is usually about two inches with my rods, but it might be different with yours, if they’re thicker and/or your rings are larger.

That leaves 90″ to work with from the top of the drape to the floor.

Most of my clients prefer to have the drapes not quite touching the floor. I like a tiny break or kissing the floor, some call it. Not puddling. Kissing. :]

drapery-finished-almost

This is good for a variety of reasons. One the difference between the floor and the ceiling is probably not even throughout the room and I’ve had situations where it’s off by a couple of inches!

Measure everything. Again, do not assume it’s all the same even if it looks the same.

Remeasure. Go back six times and measure again and again. (and again) This is one time when a little OCD is a good thing.

Obsessive Compulsive Drapery [Measuring]

It’s no fun when you goof and have to pay to have something remade.

But the 90″ is fine for the drapes a hair’s breath above the floor. To kiss the floor, we need another inch.

Then, we need to add another ten inches for the header and bottom hem.

Therefore, one panel width for an 8 foot ceiling requires about 100″ of plain fabric or just under 3 yards.

If you have a nine foot ceiling, just add 12″. If the moulding is larger than 4″, then the length, of course might be less.

Fabric is sold by the 1/2 yard increment, so we need to round-up to the nearest half yard to know how much we need for one panel width.

100″ divide by 36″ (one yard) = 2.77777777778″

Okay, are you still with me?

 

Guys, it took me several years to fully understand all of this, so don’t worry if it’s not all quite sinking in.

Now, for the width.

Normal drapery/designer fabric is 54″.

BUT DOUBLE-CHECK!!!

For some painful stories which you might find entertaining, (where I goofed big time), you can click here.

We need to allow for the side hems, so then we lose another 4 inches. Now we’re down to 50″ Then, the drapery will need to make a 90″ turn back to the wall to cover the gap.

This is called a RETURN.

Campbell Ironworks

Here’s a drape that doesn’t have a return, or a finial. I had a question about the possibility of the last ring falling off and the manufacturer said that would not be possible because the last ring is sown at 2.5″ from the next to last ring making it impossible for the last ring to fall off.  That’s pretty cool. It’s a casual look and that is fine, but my preference is for there to be a return of the drape back to the wall. Again, it’s a matter of taste and preference.

 

BPF_Spring-House_interior_living-room-window-treatments_Wall_Return_Drapery_Rods_v_lg

This a drape that doesn’t have a return, but I think that it should. The rod is called a return rod.

It’s become rather popular in recent years, but I’ve never done it. And to be clear, there is absolutely nothing wrong with the rod; it’s a beautiful rod. The problem is the way the installer hung the drape. The drape should wrap around and usually we hook it to the wall, with a tiny hook to hold it in place. This is to prevent the light from coming in and it looks more finished, IMO.

Screen Shot 2016-03-26 at 2.14.45 PM

Here’s a drape with a return, but—— yikes! Do not put a pleat on the return. It should be a flat piece back to the wall. It can be hooked back with a ring on the bracket or sometimes we put a little nail with a loop into the wall and hook it onto that.

For measuring sake, we’ll call the return four inches. Now we have 46″ left for one single panel. The panel above looks less than 50″. There should be one more ring–and a little more fabric. It looks to skimpy to me.

drapery-return

Here’s a drape with a return on a return rod.

Remember that our rod projection is 3.5″ therefore the return needs to be 3.5″ Pretty simple. I also do not start the first pleat until 3.5″ unless there’s a trim and we need a little more on the front of the drape. (That is the case with the drape with the black and white trim above.)

 

Will one panel on each side be enough fabric?

Let’s see.

First, is the drape going to close? Let’s say that it is. The 40″ window isn’t as difficult as a longer window to calculate.

Remember that our rod should extend out from the frame at least four inches (plus the finial). That makes our window 48 – 52″

OPTIMAL FULLNESS.

Well first of all, the minimum fullness is two times the width of the rod.

Optimal, IMO is usually TWO AND A HALF times the width of the rod. Because the drape is extending the length or almost the entire length of the rod and then it turns into the wall. Again, this is for a regular rod with space on both ends.

So for most windows with a rod length of 50-54″–tops and under, you can get away with a single panel on each side. Although, I would definitely add a quarter of a panel, especially if the ceiling is very high. But if the drapes are not going to close, it is okay to use a single panel. It’s a more casual look, is all.

 

What if your window is wider?

If it is wider and they don’t need to close, for five feet and under, I usually do a panel and a half.

For anything wider than that, a double panel.

If the drapes need to close, I calculate that there will need to be a full panel for every 24.”

If you have a 12 foot window, you’ll need six widths of fabric. That would be 16.67 roughly or 17 yards. I usually throw in an extra half yard, just in case they’re a little short or something wonky with the ends of the fabric. So, 17.5 yards of plain fabric.

But what if there’s a big repeat?

It happens and it’s a bloody drag. Especially if it’s expensive fabric.

Mostly we are concerning ourselves with the VERTICAL REPEAT.

Let’s take a really crazy example.

The mega gorgeous, mega bucks

Brunschwig and Fils Le Lac.

lelac

It’s 81″ inches. And the fabric is only 49″ wide. This is the most extreme case I’ve ever heard of. But the fabric is also insanely expensive, so it’s unlikely that many will use this one for drapes.

Let’s take another fabric with a very large repeat of 41″. That is also abnormally large, but it does happen.

You know that you need 100″ of plain fabric. 100 divided by 41 = 2.44, but you cannot divide the repeat, so you will need to round-up to three repeats of three x 41″ = 123″ 123″ divided by 36″ (1 yard) = 3.44 yards per panel or 3.5 yards. I generally add an extra yard, in case there’s something wonky going on at the edges or the repeat starts in a funny spot at the top of the bolt.

Sometimes there is a half drop repeat. It can get complicated and it’s best to discuss with your workroom these situations.

 

HEADERS

The top of the drape.

Usually, it’s pleated, but for a more casual look it’s fine to pin and let the drape fold naturally, like below.

howtodrapery_hook_2-835x557

These days, there’s also a grommet drape. HGTV made them famous. I’ve never done these custom. But they are popular in ready-made drapes. They came with my apartment. They’re okay but not great. One day, I’ll change them.

window treatments white silk drapes

This is a job we did 13 years ago! We did a small flat box pleat without buckram. It was a popular look in its day. My workroom used to call it “Laurie’s pleat.” For some reason, she couldn’t say Laurel.

My favorite these days is a French or Parisian pleat. It has passed by the traditional pinch pleat in popularity. Here it is in a recent job. (below) This time we did the rods in an antique gold finish. Notice that the first few inches are flat before the first pleat, but there’s a ring on the end. The return, is there, but you can’t see it. This is a wide window; therefore we did a double panel. They are stationary and don’t need to close but the drapes look full enough that they could close.

parisian-pleat-candice-olson-kravet-drapery

Between the fabric and lining is buckram which is a flat stiff wide ribbon. I prefer it to be 3″ but standard is 5″. I just find it a little more streamline. They also make a very lovely light-weight buckram which is less stiff. It is necessary for sheer drapes but you could also use it for regular drapes, I think.

 

LINING

All drapes unless they are sheers need to be lined.

 

HERE’S ONE OF MY BEST TRICKS and it applies to all fabrics except for silk.

 

Most designer drapes are both lined and interlined to give them more body. The interlining is usually a thin felt. There is an even heavier interlining called bump interlining.

However, there is also a lining material called thermal suede. It’s a heavy-suede-like lining which I have found negates the necessity for an interlining. This is going to save a lot of money! In addition, it provides thermal qualities, so if you room is drafty, this is going to help with that problem.

Thermal suede is still a translucent lining material but it does block more of the light than does regular lining.

Be very careful with lining color. If it’s cream, it is going to tint your fabric with a yellow color when the light comes through! The same goes for the primary fabric. Please be very careful with cream-colored fabrics. They can go very yellow and/or dingy quickly.

SILK.

Never use silk in a south-facing room. It will rot. Silk fabrics must be lined and interlined.

BLACKOUT

I rarely do this, but one workroom I used to work with would actually use a layer of black fabric between to pieces of regular lining. The reason for this is that it was softer than regular black-out fabric that can be rather stiff.

SHEERS

I don’t do sheers a lot but when I do, they are always linen. It’s such a lovely look. No shiny polyester, please. Semi-sheer drapes also come in cotton and wool. but wool will rot in the sun.

You can also line a linen sheer. It’s one of my favorite window treatments that I discovered from Victoria Hagan about 18 years ago! Here it is in this romantic bedroom we did. In this case, the rod needed to fit in between the two walls–no room for a finial. I had them cut so that there is a tiny gap.

laurel-bern-interiors-linen-drapes-white-trim-color

kate-marker- schumacher-draperies-window-treatments-Elegant-dining-roomKate Marker

Elegant dining room with gorgeous drapes. The fabric is another Mary McDonald masterpiece for Schumacher.

Well, there it is— Laurel’s Drapery Guide. I’m sure you’ll have questions or your own experience to share. I’ll look forward to hearing that.

Happy Easter for those that celebrate it!

If you want to see more beautiful window treatments plus some no, no’s click here, here and here.

xo,

Laurel

 

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  • Lauren - April 28, 2017 - 12:42 PM

    Hi Laurel!!
    Let me start by saying that I’m so happy I found your blog!! My husband and I have been in our first home for 2 years now and I stumbled upon your site looking for the perfect shade of white paint. Now I don’t make a decorating decision without consulting your blog for your sage wisdom! Thank you so much!
    I am getting around to picking out custom curtains and I fell in love with this %100 linen fabric from Kravet that’s the perfect shade of Aqua. The designer at the store is strongly recommending that I steer clear of 100% linen because it wrinkles and stays wrinkled. I was wondering what you thought about using 100% linen fabric for both Roman blinds and curtains and if you’ve found that it wrinkles terribly?? Any insight you have is much appreciated!
    Many many thanks!!
    LaurenReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - April 28, 2017 - 7:48 PM

      Hi Lauren,

      I find that a heavier weight linen wrinkles less, but yes, she is right. As a rule linen wrinkles and crinkles and does all sorts of undesirable things. In fact for upholstery, I ALWAYS have linens knit backed. I’ve written about that here, if you look up knit backing in the search box it should pop up.

      For drapes, I usually do a linen with a mix of cotton even poly on occasion. You’ll get the look without the wrinkle. Now, sometimes, a little wrinkle is okay. If in doubt, get a yard and hang it and see what it does. Do know that the drapes will be lined and that does help a little.

      Oh, the other thing is that linen is not stable and the drapes can yo yo up and down. That’s another reason why I advise getting a linen blend.

      Great question!ReplyCancel

  • Em - January 28, 2017 - 8:10 AM

    Seriously, where have you been all my life?

    THANK YOU for this wonderful guide, which I found by accident here while looking for your post about moulding/molding. (That happens almost every time I visit: I start somewhere, and get so interested in everything else I forget why I came!)

    I’ve always made my own window treatments…and am about to tackle new draperies…so this is timely and helpful.

    C-rings!!! GENIUS!!ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - January 28, 2017 - 11:13 AM

      Locked away in a closet, Em. But I’m out now! Hooray!ReplyCancel

  • Kim - January 24, 2017 - 1:59 PM

    Hi! I want to put fabric trim/band on 2 curtain panels. Typically, I see pictures of bands running down panels on the leader side. Is there any reason I shouldn’t run it across the top? I plan to have parisian pleats. I don’t want to run the band on the bottom as the curtains are mostly behind a sofa and end table. Thanks for your advise!ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - January 24, 2017 - 2:15 PM

      Hi Kim,

      I would not run the border under the header. It’s fine to just do it down the fronts. That’s what I typically do in any case.ReplyCancel

  • Joan Young - June 30, 2016 - 3:27 PM

    I’m almost afraid to ask, but does anyone do shutters anymore? I just find them to be so clean, practical, easy to dust and filter out damaging light without darkening a room. Laurel I know if I ask, you’ll give your honest opinion…lol!ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - June 30, 2016 - 9:28 PM

      Hi Joan,

      A few times I’ve had a client that wanted them and when they find out the price, they go… nope. Let’s do wood blinds instead.

      They aren’t as popular in the northeast as they are in other parts of the country.

      I like the old kind in an old home and I like the old paneled storm shutters that lay flat against the deep frame, but that’s a different animal.ReplyCancel

  • Barbara - June 27, 2016 - 10:02 PM

    Hi Laurel,
    Did I miss your post on shades and blinds? Because I need to know if wooden blinds ( or faux wood) must match the hardwood floor stain color.

    We are slowly (budget 🙁 ) restoring our 1926 Tudor cottage, but need to stop flashing the neighbors!
    Old school venetians are a little too authentic for my husband, he likes matchstick style. They just look wrong to me because they are lighter than the walnut floors.
    What are the rules about this? Mother says never to have more than 2 wood tones in a room (painted wood doesn’t count).

    You may not know it, but you’ve been guiding us every step of the way! I practically hold my breath until your Sunday posts.
    We are so very grateful for you, and wish we could bring you down to Philadelphia.
    BabbetteReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - June 27, 2016 - 11:40 PM

      Hi Barbara,

      No, I never did a post about this. Hang on! Soon!ReplyCancel

  • Cathlin - June 2, 2016 - 11:11 PM

    Ok I didn’t see this asked/answered – is the 4″-6″ for the rod from the window itself or the window trim? thank you!ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - June 2, 2016 - 11:23 PM

      Hi Cathlin,

      It’s from the outside edge of the trim. But only if space allows. And for large windows, I usually only extend about 2″ReplyCancel

      • Cathlin - June 2, 2016 - 11:54 PM

        Thank you!

        (And for my record of insanity, all I know for certain is Roman shades for the bathrooms and I’m absolutely stuck everywhere else 😱😂)ReplyCancel

        • Cathlin - June 14, 2016 - 4:48 PM

          An update! (I’m sure you were staying up nights hoping for one ;))

          This post and the one Roman Shades Weren’t Built in a Day helped me not just figure out a good starting place but to find a good workroom. I was able to talk to some of the esteemed professionals and when I met with one she gave me good “laurel vibes” – what she said matched with your advice. 😄ReplyCancel

          • Laurel Bern - June 14, 2016 - 11:56 PM

            Oh Cathlin,

            You warm my heart with your lovely comments! And I’m glad you found a good workroom!

  • Gretchen Tegtman - April 17, 2016 - 7:38 PM

    Hi Laurel!

    Great job as always! I have my own custom window treatment company (we design and make all types of window treatments). I always hold my breath when someone does a window treatment post, because as you said, they don’t teach it in design school. So, sadly, there is a lot of misinformation out there. But you did a wonderful job with this post!! Very informative on both construction and design!! I will say we differ in opinions on small rods vs. larger rods though. Small rods take so many more support brackets (especially on larger windows), so I tend to like larger rods. I, personally, like the chunky look of them too.ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - April 17, 2016 - 9:11 PM

      Hi Gretchen,

      Thank you so much and I’m glad that you approve. It’s fine about the rods. I think I started liking the thin rods a while back when I saw them in a magazine article. But for large windows, they need to be a little thicker.ReplyCancel

  • falu - April 15, 2016 - 12:24 PM

    so informative! thank you! we have 3 large windows- each requires a 12 foot rod. do you ever use traverse rods to ease opening and closing? we’d need the double traverse to incorporate sheers… just wondering since you don’t mention traverse or track systems. thanks!ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - April 16, 2016 - 4:28 PM

      Hi Falu,

      Generally, I only do a traverse rod if there’s a valance. However, there is such a thing as a traverse rod that looks like a decorative rod with rings. Otherwise, the drapes do close easily by pulling them across the rod. When using sheers, we use a double rod.ReplyCancel

  • Carynia - March 29, 2016 - 3:20 PM

    I was so happy to see and read your article on window treatments as our new build is nearly finished and needing help in that area. When I linked to your related articles my heart stopped when I came across one of your ‘don’ts’ regarding transom windows. You say never hang the rod below the transom…and now we’re not sure how to proceed as we have one of those ‘view window walls’ in our Great Room. These view window wall configurations present a unique challenge we’re wondering if you can address. In our situation we have a set of French doors (going out to the patio) and a matching side panel window on each side, leaving about 3′ of wall width on either side. A rectangular transom is just above these four window/door panels and above that is another transom but that one is arched. This French door and window configuration reaches high into a vaulted ceiling which doesn’t leave enough room width wise to hang a rod above our arched top transom. We thought maybe we’d hang the rod either on the window trim just above the 6’8″ French doors and window side panels, or else on the window trim between the first rectangular and second arched transom which would leave the top arched transom uncovered which we don’t mind. You advise against this but we have no idea how else to apply a window treatment in this situation. We’d prefer avoiding Roman shades and other applications that would reduce the view and window space since the’ll be mostly open anyway…These kinds of window configurations seem commonly designed for ‘view’ Windows so others must experience this problem too! We’d love to go without draperies as we love all the natural light pouring in but also feel we should have some occasional protection from the sun on our hardwood floors and the option of some privacy at night although we’re not closely situated to our neighbor’s. We’d like something lightweight that can be moved away from the doors and windows most of the time
    but allow for some sun and privacy protection when needed. Can you advise us and others with window walls some ideas of what could stylishly accomplish this? If there’s a way to send a photo example please let me know! I love your blog and your great sense of humor which often makes me laugh out loud, so fun! Thanks for any advice.ReplyCancel

  • Rebecca Schildroth - March 29, 2016 - 11:26 AM

    Another great post. So much information. Having made draperies in the past I know there is an art to the profession.

    I like your rod recommendations. When in need of them for my next project I will keep them in mind.ReplyCancel

  • Val - March 28, 2016 - 9:59 PM

    Hi Laurel, thank you for this very informative post. I am going to make drapes for our master bedroom, have already bought the fabric but wasn’t sure what the difference between blackout and termal lining is. Now I know 🙂

    Would you please, tell us some more about weighting the drapes. Do you weight the inside corner only, or both corners, or the whole bottom edge? There are individual weights, which can be placed at the right positions, but there is also a chain-like weight, which I suppose goes all the way through. Would appreciate your advice about this.ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 28, 2016 - 10:33 PM

      Hi Val,

      I’m not 100% sure about this but I think the thin chain weight is for sheers. My workrooms always weight only the corners. There are special weights made for that purpose. They should be covered in fabric if they don’t already come that way.ReplyCancel

  • Monika - March 28, 2016 - 3:10 PM

    Hi Laurel,

    Question – In all the magazine photos I see of average sized windows, there is only one center bracket, and the end brackets. My workroom recommended two additional bypass brackets-one each right at the edge of the window, and then the end brackets that extended out my desired length. She said they recommend that because the bypass brackets put next to the window for sure go into a stud, whereas brackets that are some distance off the window would likely go into drywall, and especially with iron rods could come out of the wall. So I figured better safe than sorry so there are now three brackets in between end brackets for a total of 5. I wish it were a cleaner look. Any input on that? Thanks!ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 28, 2016 - 3:31 PM

      Hi Monika,

      Well, first of all, there is no “for sure” when putting up rods. I swear some of the new homes don’t have any studs!

      I don’t want to tell your installers how to install, just my experience.

      We have put up many a rod with no studs available. There is special type of screw, with different names. A butterfly or mushroom. But it expands when it goes in and provides a far stronger attachment if only going through sheetrock. The disadvantage there is that they make a big hole and if they goof it can create a problem.

      This is one reason this is so difficult. It’s not the installer or the rods. It’s the house!

      We have never had to add two extra brackets unless the window is exceptionally long.

      But, even if your installer insists on adding the extra brackets, the fabric covers up 95% of it. You’ll hardly notice it. At least you wouldn’t with the rods/rings I use. Notice in the photos that you don’t really see the end brackets. If you use a larger ring, you would notice it more.ReplyCancel

  • sheryl - March 28, 2016 - 1:00 PM

    You are amazing and crack me up at the same time. Your sharing is such a gift! Education for the decorating dufus in me.
    Thank you again Laurel!ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 28, 2016 - 1:13 PM

      My pleasure Sheryl! I’m enjoying myself too! And also learning! You know the old axiom. “When one teaches, two learn.”ReplyCancel

  • Susie - March 28, 2016 - 11:08 AM

    OK, so this is what you do if you are a broke, unemployed reading teacher. My “drapes” in my living room are Jacobean floral shower curtains I bought at Target. Hey, whatever works!!ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 28, 2016 - 12:25 PM

      Haha! Love that Susie! I love Tarzhay! My sheets and towels are from there. ReplyCancel

  • Pam - March 28, 2016 - 10:55 AM

    Laurel, This is a wonderful post. We recently moved back into our home in Atlanta after renting it for 5 years. We have been working on lots of repainting and new flooring, etc….We have a Palladian window which is in the front of the house in the master bedroom and I was going to use the Pottery Barn black out drapes that I had in my last home and had them re-hemmed. They are silk and cream color. Now, I’m not sure. I definitely need something to keep the afternoon sun out and would like something that affords a dark room for sleeping. What do you typically do with a Palladian window? Thank you!ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 28, 2016 - 12:24 PM

      Hi Pam,

      There are pleated shades that will fit in the curve and it is possible, i think to do a curved Roman shade too. Yes, I just found an image and pinned to pinterest. https://www.pinterest.com/pin/256142297535204182/

      Yours is probably just one window, but it seems that it could be adapted. It’s a bit of engineering since the workroom with need to mount the shade on a curved piece of wood to match your window.

      The other possibility if you have room is to hang your drapes above the arch of the window. Of course, you would probably need to add a piece (at least 16″ or to follow a natural level like the bottom of the sill if it’s fairly low) to the bottom of the drapes. I do this all the time as a matter of design.

      I’ve either done the latter or done Roman shades in the lower part of the window only. You can see that in this post.

      https://laurelberninteriors.com/2016/03/06/lets-add-home-builders-firing-line/ReplyCancel

      • Pam - March 28, 2016 - 1:52 PM

        Thank you so much…this is very helpful!ReplyCancel

  • Elizabeth A. Preston - March 28, 2016 - 10:21 AM

    Dear Laurel – I’ve read your blog for ages, and used so much of your advice …. and now am hoping to ask for a little more. I am in the process of ordering window treatments for our home and had picked out linen to use for some custom flat roman shades in several rooms.

    My sister, who has a background in the arts and has wonderful taste, said that linen would be inappropriate as we live in Chicago and it’s inappropriate for Northern temperatures. But I feel that I see it used in Northern states quite a bit. I’ve made up my mind to use it, but she is always so sure in her opinions that I know I will always wonder if it will look odd. From this post, it doesn’t seem that you agree with her (as you discuss using linen for curtains) but I would really welcome your thoughts on this.

    Thank you so much in advance!ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 28, 2016 - 12:11 PM

      Hi Elizabeth,

      I’m not sure what she means by northern temperatures. You’re indoors, right? It’s for the drapes not a suit you’re wearing.

      Most of my drapes and those of my northern colleagues are either linen or cotton or a blend.

      BTW, I was born in Chicago and loved going to visit my grandparents after we moved when I was a baby.ReplyCancel

  • Diane Johanson - March 28, 2016 - 9:29 AM

    That was a great tutorial. I owned an iron shop for 18 years and used to have my shop make all my drapery rods with solid round bar and finials. I agree adjustable rods are flimsy and should be avoided.

    My favorite window treatment is roman shades. Would love a tutorial on that style.
    Thanks Laurel!ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 28, 2016 - 12:07 PM

      Hi Diane,

      We only did the adjustables once– maybe 18 years ago. It took 4 hours to hang two windows. Unbearably awful.

      Roman shades will be coming soon. They are my fave treatment too. I’ve done 100’s of them!ReplyCancel

  • Pamela - March 28, 2016 - 8:46 AM

    Great post. I make all my draperies and curtains because of the expense. I also taught our daughter to make hers or I make them for her. I do pleated, lined drapes on rings using buckram but never bump as its unneeded in our climate. The absolute worst part is measuring! ,out rooms the drapes need to close so this quote “If the drapes need to close, I calculate that there will need to be a full panel for every 24.” is wonderful for me! Thank you. I’ve never done the Parisian pleat but will be starting new drapes for a sliding door this week so I’m intrigued. Regular pleats with a folded header and buckram are a pain and my old arthritic hands take a hit. I do have a heavy industrial machine though. Parisian look softer and perhaps easier. MANY great tips here. Thank you.ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 28, 2016 - 12:01 PM

      Hi Pamela,

      I have great admiration for those that sew. I used to a little in my youth–but quite badly. lol In typical fashion, my ideas were the fun part, not the execution of them. The Parisian pleat is beautiful. If you look in the main shelter magazines, it’s the one you see most often these days.ReplyCancel

  • June - March 27, 2016 - 4:11 PM

    Laurel,

    Thank you for sharing your knowledge and experience. Very generous of you.

    A question…What about stacking the open drapes far enough to each side (if you have the wall space to do it) so that ALL the window glass is exposed? My house is dark and I need all the light I can get. Is this considered unattractive?

    Thank you for your input.ReplyCancel

  • Jo Bishop - March 27, 2016 - 3:16 PM

    Wow what a fabulous post. Thank you so much Laurel. I’m trying to figure out how to pin the whole post!ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 11:01 PM

      If you pin one of the graphics, the link is embedded in the image so that when you click on the image (in pinterest) it will bring you and hopefully a lot of other people back to the page.

      Actually, you can pin any image and it will bring you back to the post!

      This is why I love pinterest so much!ReplyCancel

  • Christine March - March 27, 2016 - 12:30 PM

    Excellent post, but it confirms why I prefer naked windows. So much easier. Window coverings overwhelm my tiny brain.ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 10:57 PM

      Hi Christine,

      Indeed! Not your brain, but the window treatments! lol ReplyCancel

  • Dayle - March 27, 2016 - 11:36 AM

    Thank you, thank you, thank you, Laurel! I am getting close to the point of doing the drapes for my LR/DR project and this was perfect timing! Love your blog! Happy Easter and all the best to you and your family from Dayle in Winnipeg,Manitoba (still some snow on the ground here!)ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 10:56 PM

      Hi Dayle,

      You’re very welcome! Glad it came in time. Sorry about the snow. Blessedly, we got a reprieve this year and the signs of spring are most evident; last couple of years, not at all until mid-April.ReplyCancel

  • Jenny - March 27, 2016 - 11:07 AM

    I had curtains custom made once in my life. I was young(I think now-very young)), and it was a huge expense for us. HUGE. They were the most beautiful organza sheers-little bit of an ombré effect, where colors are almost same but change ever so slightly like in a watercolor painting. They were tons of fabric as they were for a very wide french door opening to the big balcony-they took all the wall and had to drape nicely being sheers. They were professionally installed by the store that made them. They had rings of my choosing. They made a modest place into something else without being pretentious a bit.

    Long story short-we had to move overseas and rent the place. I payed a cleaning lady to do a deep cleaning(which I didn’t do back then, being young and able), I payed the painter to refresh the whole house. And I left the curtains. I wanted our renters to feel at home..
    When I came to see our condo in several years, it looked sad, broken, unkempt. My curtains were long gone, and the renters claimed they were probably taken by some previous renters..

    It was traumatic to the point that I eventually decided to sell the condo. I couldn’t take a good care of it from afar-I would rather see it owned by somebody who loved it that being slowly ruined.

    I realize it’s a totally unrelated story, lol. But the more of your soul you put into a thing-the less thing-y it becomes to you. With all the consequences of being less thing-y..

    Great post, Laurel, as ever. Your posts never leave me indifferent, curtains or not..:)ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 10:54 PM

      Hi Jenny,
      I totally do get that. Our homes are our havens and it’s very possible to become emotionally attached to things.

      I’d be upset too, to come back and find my things missing or trashed!ReplyCancel

  • joanne dimeff - March 27, 2016 - 10:10 AM

    Thank you, thank you! Perfectly detailed post, as always, and user-friendly advice! Is there a type of lining you can suggest for noise control? We live in a town home in the city with lots of drunk kids heeing and hawing outside our bedroom window when the bars close at 2:30 a.m. We tried to find the noisiest ceiling fan we could to help drown out the noise, but that’s not enough!ReplyCancel

  • Kim - March 27, 2016 - 9:02 AM

    Laurel – you are psychic! This is about the 10th time you did a post that was exactly what I was working on… Currently contemplating the drapes in my dining room and you have given me tons of great thoughts. I did buy the Rolodex so am going to pursue the black rods and rings that you specified. I think you have also saved me from going too yellow on the fabric (with cream), and convinced me to go for the Parisian pleats. Thanks!ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 10:44 PM

      Hi Kim,

      Well, I’m glad we’re on the same wave-length. And yes on the cream fabric and reminding the workroom not to use cream lining. It’ll just compound the yellow. Sometimes it’s okay but usually it’s not.ReplyCancel

  • Wendy - March 27, 2016 - 8:31 AM

    Laurel, this was so refreshing to hear all this important information. I have been a decorator for over 15 years and it is so important to know all of this. I currantly work for a small store that also is workroom ( Weschester, NY) and you would not believe how many decorators come in and have No clue what they are doing. Yes I’m there to guide them but not to do there job.
    I pride myself on the work I do for my clients and I can see you do too.
    Love your blog
    WendyReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 10:41 PM

      Hi Wendy,

      Oh I would believe how many come in and not know anything. Even IF they were trained. Because as I think I said in the post, they do not teach ANY of this in INTERIOR DESIGN SCHOOL. In fact, 90% of what I know, (and need to know) I learned after the 3 years of design school. I did learn a lot of things, however, I’ve never had any use for whatsoever. Oh well…

      And then my first job, working for someone else for a few years had her workroom do everything. I did learn some things there. And then, when I started my business in 1996, in the beginning few years, I muddled through, but then, after a while, caught on to the terminology and details. I always knew what I wanted, however.ReplyCancel

  • Dolores - March 27, 2016 - 8:10 AM

    Hi Laurel
    Beautiful curtains just make a room, don’t they?If I had pots of money, I’d surely have all my curtains done professionally, but for the most part, I almost always make my own curtains. Because I don’t do a complicated construction with handmade pleats and use pleater’s tape instead, the curtains turned out very well, but I wished I had your advice when I made my first pair many years ago, it would have saved me a lot of trouble.
    I did have a problem with the last set I just sewed.I found a R Lauren Indigo& Cream checked,100% linen fabric with a total repeat of 4.5”.I lined the curtains, but for the first time, I didn’t use pleater tape and pleater hooks, I worried about matching all those checks, and I wanted a soft ‘natural pleat’- I justr used the round rings and pins..I notice that the checks appear to be slightly ‘sagging’ and so not lining up perfectly across when you look at them from the front. Not good. I think I’ll have to take them down and sew some buckram to the top to stabilize the ‘sag’ ..
    Thank you for another great Sunday post!:-)ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 10:33 PM

      Hi Dolores,

      I admire that you make your own curtains! I remember sewing a million years ago. I had a bunch of half-sewn dresses. I wasn’t very good at it.

      I’ve seen those tutorials for “no-sew” drapes. I think for something simple and casual it could work. I think I’d rather just get ready-mades though and re-hem them.ReplyCancel

  • Roz - March 27, 2016 - 7:58 AM

    Laurel, love your blog! So informative.ReplyCancel

  • Tracy S - March 27, 2016 - 7:23 AM

    What are your feelings about treatments over sliding glass doors? We’ve got a mid-century apartment with sliders in every room.

    I got draperies for the two bedrooms, and the track is mounted on the ceiling. Parisian pleats, black out lining (because they’re bedrooms), and they look nice. But we haven’t done the living/dining room yet. Not sure a rod would work because there’s such a small space between slider and the ceiling.

    8 foot ceilings, sliders, mid-century. I feel like my “traditional” drapery options are limited.

    All that said — destroying the vertical blinds that used to be there was revelatory.ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 10:30 PM

      Hi Tracy,

      I think for your apartment keeping the window treatments very simple and light on a ceiling track is probably the way to go. ReplyCancel

  • Anna McLaughlin - March 27, 2016 - 7:09 AM

    Laurel,
    I just love getting your emails; they are so informative and beautiful at the same time – thank you!
    One question (and I apologize if it’s been covered in your post, but I missed it):
    I don’t understand how the curtain or drape looks when it makes the return when using a rod with a finial on the end. You mention it in when describing the Parisian Pleat drapes on the antique gold curtain rod but the photo doesn’t illustrate that detail and I’m having a very hard time visualizing it.
    Thank you!
    AnnaReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 9:30 AM

      Hi Anna,

      I looked and looked for a decent image of that and came up short, but this is a terrific post which demonstrates the drapery return perfectly. It’s just as I describe. A 3.5 piece of the drape turns back 90 degrees and gets clipped to the wall.

      As an aside, I prefer rings with pins that you don’t see, not hung from clips, but the rest is terrific! http://www.addicted2decorating.com/how-to-hang-draperies-and-curtains-like-a-designer.htmlReplyCancel

      • Anna - March 28, 2016 - 2:22 AM

        Thanks so much Laurel – that’s excellent and just what I needed to see. You are so helpful!ReplyCancel

  • Vonda - March 27, 2016 - 6:38 AM

    Laurel – Thank you so much for this drapery guide!! I’m currently pondering a project in my master bedroom, so this is quite timely!

    No matter what the topic, I always learn an abundance of info from reading your posts. And your sense of humor is refreshing and fun! Keep up your great work!ReplyCancel

  • Lidia - March 27, 2016 - 3:33 AM

    Thank you for your wonderful insights Laurel! Great job!
    Can you kindly let us know the beautiful blue paint color on the ceiling in the “Mario photo”? And the walls?
    Blessings!ReplyCancel

  • Lidia - March 27, 2016 - 3:32 AM

    Thank you for your wonderful insights Laurel! Great job!
    Can you kindly let us know the beautiful blue paint color on the ceiling in the “Mario photo”? And the walls?
    Blessings!ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 9:24 AM

      Thanks Lidia. The ceiling paint is Benjamin Moore Glass Slipper 1632. The walls are Cotton Balls OC-122ReplyCancel

      • Lidia - March 27, 2016 - 12:24 PM

        Thank you, dear Laurel.
        Happy Easter to you and your loved ones! Peace. 🌺ReplyCancel

  • Frances Pusch - March 27, 2016 - 2:24 AM

    Bravo, Laurel, on your summary of drapery requirements! I own a drapery, etc. workroom so have loads of experience with this topic. I wanted to add a few more points.

    First, while 2.5x fullness (drapery fabric measures 2.5 times wider than the rod) is standard, often sheers, especially if they are not lined will be figured at 3x fullness. This is because the fabric is lighter weight so more is needed to look equally full or generous as a regular weight, lined fabric. Also it “stacks back” (pushes to each side off the window) to a smaller amount so more is needed not to look skimpy.

    Second, pleating of any sort helps control the fullness in the fabric when you close the drapes. Without pleats, as for the flat header, if you pull the drape by the “leading (middle) edge”, only some of the fabric will move to cover the window and it will be perfectly flat, while the other 2/3 will be left bunched on the sides. You can rearrange or “dress” the drapes to spread out the fabric pulling more of the excess over bit by bit, but that takes time and practice have it look properly casual. With custom pleated drapes the fullness of the fabric is distributed equally across the width of the drape and when pulled closed the drape will fill the opening evenly leaving the same amount from bracket to center on each side (with a touch of ease added in). They also look neater when opened. So flat headers without pleats are most often used for panels that are “stationary” (not designed to be opened and closed) so can be dressed by the installer and theoretically not touched again. Or they are designed to be intentionally ultra-casual looking.

    Lastly, for every rule in draperies there are exceptions. Knowledgeable designers and workrooms through experience understand when it is good or preferable to bend the rules.

    Sorry if this is TMI…but I couldn’t resist adding a few more bits of info for those interested. I have a passion for drapes!!ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 9:55 AM

      Hi Frances,

      I concur with all–especially the rule part. I think that applies to all areas of design. Lovely website you have too. I’ve never done sheers alone unless they are linen and lined. About 13 years ago, for a couple jobs used a wool semi-sheer which drapes gorgeously but after seeing what the sun does to wool in my own home. (thank God it was mine!) am reluctant to use it again.

      Thanks for your input!ReplyCancel

  • Ellie - March 27, 2016 - 1:59 AM

    Hi Laurel,

    I loved hearing you on the recent Podcast, your voice is so elegant!

    This is a very useful post as usual. I am wondering if you remember the paint color you used in the room pictured in this post which you say you did 13 years ago. It features two white chairs, two floor lamps and the colors are whites and creams, the paint looks like a yellowey tan maybe or……? I would love to know, it is just what I am looking for now!

    Thank you!
    Ellie DeWittReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 3:25 PM

      Hi Ellie,
      Thank you so much. Now, for that paint color. I am not 100% positive, but I know that it was from color preview, because those were the years that they weren’t marketing the “classic colors.” I actually still have my fan deck from then and I’m pretty sure that the color is sulfur yellow 2151-40 which is not really yellow, but a classic gold.ReplyCancel

  • Massey - March 27, 2016 - 12:53 AM

    Excellent! This is exactly what I have been needing. Can you tell how we locate an installer?ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 1:38 AM

      Hi Massey,

      It’s not always easy. The people who make your drapes, the workroom, should know some installers. ReplyCancel

  • Cathlin - March 27, 2016 - 12:11 AM

    This is wonderful! Thank you.ReplyCancel

    • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 12:15 AM

      Gosh, what took you so long! lolReplyCancel

      • Cathlin - March 27, 2016 - 12:58 AM

        Haha I feel like such a creeper! I can’t help it, you seem to push posts live just after I’ve put the littles to bed and am like, “Ooh, me and The Internet time!” 😄 Plus, I’ve been a ball of stress for weeks about window treatments.ReplyCancel

        • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 1:47 AM

          Not at all Cathlin. I’m stressed out before every window treatment installation! And let’s see… how many have I done by now? A couple hundred at least. Most of them go alright, but every once in a while, there’s an issue.

          I’ll never forgot the time, the workroom,(not one I’m currently using) I don’t know what they did, but there were dozens of little threads between the lining and the fabric on white cotton Roman shades. Six of them. When the shade was down and the light came through, it was very noticeable. I freaked. Thank God the client wasn’t home! The installer and I spent two more hours, “shaking” them down to the bottom (very difficult) so you couldn’t see them.ReplyCancel

          • Cathlin - March 27, 2016 - 11:15 PM

            Ahhhh!! That’s the sort of thing that would keep my husband up all night 😄 Fix the threads!

            I dearly hope to just get in what we neeeeeed and then get design help. …but in the meantime, ay. Blinds, shades, drapes – blinds and drapes, bare window, shades for privacy that allow light. Yeah, my brain is a mess right now. 😄

          • Laurel Bern - March 27, 2016 - 11:46 PM

            Yeah.. shades and blinds will have to be a different post.

          • Cathlin - March 28, 2016 - 12:09 AM

            Oh, yeah, I got that – this is just the depth of my window treatment related woe 😇